On October 19, 2017, a positive Equine Infectious Anemia result was confirmed by the CFIA in a horse located in Lacombe county, Alberta. The horse was tested as a compliance measure for horses being exported. As a result, the horse in question has been quarantined as have the on-premise contacts, and after the inspection has been completed, the horse will be euthanized.
There are known horse feedlot(s) in Lacombe, AB, therefore there’s a good likelihood the horse is located at one of them. If this is the case, the discovery of EIA in even one horse poses serious problems for the export of other horses located on the same lot, primarily because Canada has officially certified that all horses exported from Canada are free of “outbreaks of…….equine infectious anemia…..”
- Close proximity to regions where EIA outbreaks have occurred;
- Pastures in damp, swampy areas where insects are abundant;
- Environments with a steady influx of new horses, especially if negative Coggins certificates are not required;
- Exposure to horses at shows, sales or other events where health care regulations are not enforced and a negative Coggins certificate is not required
Canada does have a national program to reduce the risk of infection, but it’s currently unknown whether premises with volumes of horses are subject to 100% testing protocols or merely sampling. Privately owned horses who are moved about for shows or to new barns are generally asked for or required to provide a negative Coggins test within the last year.
The CHDC will be watching for further developments in this case.